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Institute of Biotechnology
土壤環(huán)境與修護技術(shù)創(chuàng )制中心

土壤環(huán)境與營(yíng)養創(chuàng  )制中心

研發(fā)方向:

土壤酸化、鹽漬化、堿化的生物修護技術(shù)研究。

土壤重金屬污染的生物修護技術(shù)研究。

土壤團粒結構生物修護技術(shù)的研究。

生物源刺激劑有機營(yíng)養、土壤微生物環(huán)境技術(shù)研究。

植物源、生物源、生物刺激素有機營(yíng)養、土壤微生物環(huán)境技術(shù)研究;減少作物對化學(xué)品的依賴(lài)性,修護土壤與生態(tài)環(huán)境,維護和改善農業(yè)生態(tài)環(huán)境的生物多樣性,促進(jìn)土壤質(zhì)量的提升。

Research on bio techniques of remediation of soil acidification, salinization and alkalization.

Research on bio techniques of remediation of soil heavy metal pollution.

Research on bio techniques of remediation of soil aggregation structure.

Research on bio stimulant and nutrition, and soil microbial environment.

Reduce the crops’ dependence on chemical products, remedy soil and eco environment, maintain and improve the biodiversity of the agricultural eco environment and promote the improvement of soil quality.


研發(fā)成果:

1. 土壤酸化調理修護集成技術(shù)

通過(guò)自主和合作開(kāi)發(fā)形成農田土壤酸化分段分區治理關(guān)鍵集成技術(shù),創(chuàng )造性的構建了一套土壤酸化綜合防治的土壤調理劑精準施用降酸、有機肥阻酸、減氮控酸的核心關(guān)鍵技術(shù)措施。

該技術(shù)榮獲2018年國家科技進(jìn)步二等獎、2017年神農中華農業(yè)科技一等獎、獲國家農業(yè)部肥料登記證,該技術(shù)達到國際領(lǐng)先水平。

2. 土壤團粒結構調理劑

通過(guò)增強水分滲透性、改變土壤膠體電荷、促進(jìn)土壤微團粒形成等方式實(shí)現打破土壤板結、疏松土壤、改善土壤通透性,提升土壤質(zhì)量的目的。

該技術(shù)產(chǎn)品為國家科技部星火計劃推廣項目產(chǎn)品,榮獲國家重點(diǎn)新產(chǎn)品稱(chēng)號,申請獲得國家發(fā)明專(zhuān)利2項(ZL00120600.1,ZL201410776102.2),取得國家農業(yè)部肥料類(lèi)登記證。

3. 土壤重金屬污染修復集成技術(shù)

采用高分子生物活性物通過(guò)絡(luò )合、螯合、原位沉降等,搭配土壤結構改善和酸堿調節,實(shí)現農田土壤重金屬原位鈍化、減緩作物重金屬離子吸收轉移的目的。

該集成技術(shù)獲得國家方面專(zhuān)利5項,技術(shù)水平達到國內先進(jìn)。

1. Soil acidification conditioning and remediation integrated technology: through independent and cooperative development, developed key technology of remedying farmland soil acidification in segments and parts, including increasing soil pH by soil conditioner, using organic fertilizer to prevent soil acidification and reducing nitrogen application to maintain soil pH. This technology won the second prize of National sScientific and Technological Progress Award in 2018, the first prize of Shennong China Agricultural Science and Technology Award in 2017, and got the fertilizer registration certificate of the Ministry of Agriculture, which has reached the international leading level.

2. Soil conditioner for aggregation structure: break soil compaction, loosen soil, improve soil permeability and increase soil quality by enhancing water permeability, changing soil colloidal charge, and promoting soil microparticle formation. This technology and product is the promoted and recommended by Ministry of Science and Technology Spark Program and won the award of National Key New Products, obtained two national invention patents (ZL00120600.1, ZL201410776102.2) and got the National Ministry of Agriculture fertilizer registration certificate.

3. Soil heavy metal pollution remediation integrated technology: Use high polymer active ingredient to complex, chelate and in situ settlement, combined with soil structure improvement and soil pH regulation, to achieve the soil heavy metal in situ passivation, decrease heavy metal ion absorption and transfer in crops. This integrated technology has obtained 5 national patents, and is in the leading position in China.